The name "Bahamas" came from the Spanish word "bajamar", which means "shallow water". The Bahamas is an archipelago of 700 islands and cays, located north of Dominica and Cuba and 80 km southeast of Florida. About 40 of the islands are populated. The islands cover an area of about 100,000 square miles. Although the Bahamas is considered to be part of the Caribbean it is not geographically in the Caribbean. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean.
The country has a rich history of evolution throughout the years. The islands were originally occupied by the Lucayans for centuries, who were an Arawak Taino-speaking people. In 1492, Christopher Columbus encountered the islands on his historical voyage in search of the New World, establishing the first connection that the country had with Europe. The Lucayans were enslaved and taken to Hispanola, leaving the country dormant until English settlers from Bermuda settled in one of the islands, eventually leading to a British presence and then the colonization of The Bahamas by Britain in 1718.
The Bahamas gained independence in 1973. Since then, the country has established itself as a parliamentary democracy with an economy based on tourism and finance, proving itself to be one of the most developed countries in the region.
On a global level, the Bahamas is known for its beautiful wildlife, scenic beaches, and warm hospitality.
Official Name: The Commonwealth of The Bahamas
Independence: July 10, 1973
Official language: English
Timezone: Eastern Daylight Time/ Eastern Standard time, depending on the time of year.
Currency: Bahamian dollar (BSD $) The currency is held equivalent to the US Dollar.
Capital: Nassau is the capital city and is located on the island of New Providence. The city of Freeport in the island of Grand Bahama is considered the 2nd City.
Main Islands: There are about fifteen main Family Islands in the Bahamas: Abaco, Acklins & Crooked Island, Andros, Bimini, Berry Islands, Cat Island, Eleuthera, Exuma, Grand Bahama, Inagua, Long Island, Mayaguana Island, Rum Cay and San Salvador.
National Bird: The Flamingo
National Fish: The Blue Marlin
National Tree: Lignum Vitae
National Flower: Yellow Elder
Bahamas Flag: The flag colors are aquamarine-blue, gold, and black and the colors are very symbolic -
Gold stands for the sun and sand Blue stands for the sea The Black triangle stands for the unity of the Bahamian people, moving forward together.